Limit theorems and asymptotic results form a central topic in probability theory and mathematical statistics. New and non-classical limit theorems have been discovered for processes in random environments, especially in connection with random matrix theory and free probability. These questions and the techniques for answering them combine asymptotic enumerative combinatorics, particle systems and approximation theory, and are important for new approaches in geometric and metric number theory as well. Thus, the contributions in this book include a wide range of applications with surprising connections ranging from longest common subsequences for words, spin-glass problems, permutation groups, random matrices and free probability to entropy problems and metric number theory.The book is the product of a conference that took place in August 2011 in Bielefeld, Germany to celebrate the 60th birthday of Friedrich Götze, a noted expert in this field.
Since 1998, Prof. Kolchanov [Institute of Cytology and Genetics (SB RAS), Novosibirsk] and Prof. Hofestädt (Bielefeld University) have been organizing bilateral and international summer schools, workshops and conferences (notably, the biannual conference, Bioinformatics of Genome Regulation and Structure in Novosibirsk since 1998). Based on this cooperation, the German/Russian Network of Computational Systems Biology (vwv.imbio.de/forschung/) was established in 2005. The network has been organized to facilitate collaborative investigation and education in Bioinformatics and Systems Biology between German and Russian researchers. The interlinking research topic was Analysis and simulation of biomolecular systems and processes. The main goal of this cooperation was knowledge-transfer and the initiation of bilateral projects. Furthermore, this network has provided a platform for educational programs, exchange of young researchers, e-learning, seminars, workshops and summer school programs. The network is supported by the German Ministry of Science (BMBF) and the Russian Ministry of Science and as of 2007 it has become a sub-network of German/Russian Network Biotechnology (Vvw.bis-rus.com). The most important goal of our network is to bring together young scientists and students from both countries to initiate new projects and startups. Therefore, since 2008 we have organized a regular German/Russian annual summer school in Russia and Germany. The overall research topic of all these activities was called Integrative Bioinformatics (IB). Jointly, we have organized the first Integrative Bioinformatics conference in 2005 in Bielefeld and also founded the online Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics (http://journal.imbio.de/). The next annual IB conference will take place in the Netherlands in 2011 and all accepted papers will be published again by the JIB. The startup company PBsoft (http://www.pbiosoft.com/), was founded in Novosibirsk in 2007. This company develops new computational technologies in bioinformatics and systems biology (ANDvisio, ANDcell). To further facilitate the development of bilateral projects, the network partners have recently founded a Russian/German Research Center for Integrative Biology and Computation (RCIBC) in Novosibirsk 2010. This center will focus on the analysis of genetic control of metabolic networks, which is a backbone of Systems and Synthetic Biology.
This book is intended to give an introduction and a comprehensive overview concerning the main areas of surface magnetism with special emphasis on rare earth metals. Investigations in this ?eld require experimental techniques which are sensitive to the topmost layers on the one hand and simultaneously to magnetic properties on the other hand. Using additionally tools with a high lateral resolution the visualization of magnetic domains becomes possible. Theunderstandingofmagneticandelectronicbehaviorrequirestheknowledgeof the structure on a microscopic scale. Due to this important relationship the dep- dence of electronic on structural properties is the ?rst topic. This contains inves- gations not only on rare earth metals but additionally on 3d ferromagnetic systems. It is important to keep in mind that the chemical behavior of a surface det- mines the surface electronic properties. Thus, variations, e.g. due to adsorbate atoms, have a signi?cant in?uence. This aspect will be focused on as the next topic with the description of selected substrate layers which were exposed to different types of gaseous molecules. Investigations on the surface magnetism of itinerant ferromagnetic materials, including the in?uence of adsorbates on surface magnetic properties, and magnets with localized moments is the ?nal and main topic of this volume. It will end with the realization of laterally resolved spin polarized vacuum tunneling which enables to image magnetic domains on the nanometer scale. Acknowledgements This work summarizes my research on the above-mentioned topics performed at the Universities of Bielefeld, Mainz, Hamburg, and Düsseldorf.
Seminar paper from the year 1998 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1-, Bielefeld University (Fakultät für Linguistik und Literaturwissenschaft), course: Motivgeschichte/Intertextualität: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The film Gothic starring Gabriel Byrne (in the role of Lord Byron), Julian Sands (Percy Bysshe Shelley), Natasha Richardson (Mary [Wollstonecraft Godwin] Shelley), Myriam Cyr (Claire Clairmont) and Timothy Spall (Dr John Polidori) and directed by Ken Russell was made in 1986. It is difficult to decide whether the film is a horror film or a period film because it contains elements of both genres. The viewer's judgement depends on his or her previous knowledge of the life of the characters. If the viewer does not recognize the relation between the elements and statements in the film and texts written by and about the protagonists he or she will feel Gothic to be mainly a horror film. In other words intertextuality plays an important role in Gothic. Therefore, the aim of this term paper is to analyze the intertextual relations between the film and various texts. Since there are many different concepts concerning intertextuality I will mostly focus on Julia Kristeva's idea of intertextuality in the first chapter. In the second chapter the literary historical aspects of Gothic will be examined. The film is set in 1816, i.e. in the second phase of the Romantic period. I will analyze how Ken Russell represents some of the characteristics of the Romantic period in his film. Among others, a motif in the film is the artificial being and the creation of an artificial being respectively. This motif is also the topic of Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein. The third chapter deals on the one hand with the question how the motif 'artificial being' is represented in Ken Russell's film and on the other h
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Communications - Multimedia, Internet, New Technologies, grade: 1.3, Bielefeld University, course: Politikwissenschaft, language: English, abstract: The question at heart of this paper is how society manages to maintain what has become its most important communication network, the Internet. The coordinative mechanisms necessary to achieve this are regarded as governance mechanisms. Since 'governance' is understood as a property of social systems and 'Internet infrastructure' relates to a technological system, two system/environment relations need to be observed: technology as the environment of society and society as the environment of technology. This circular system/environment relationship complicates the notion of governance, because governance (the establishment of social coordination) shapes and limits Internet architecture (the basic design principles of the Internet platform) and Internet architecture shapes and limits governance. Thus, before governance mechanisms regarding Internet infrastructure can be addressed, some preliminary considerations have to be made regarding the interaction between society and technology in general. This topic has been the subject of many academic publications covering disciplines such as sociology, political science, economics and network engineering; but the solutions proposed usually tend to either oversimplify the problem or use the jargon of complex systems to paraphrase them. The approach presented here examines the fundamental technical principles of Internet connectivity, sets them in relationship to social systems and regards 'Internet governance' as contextual intervention (Willke 1989).
Examination Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, Bielefeld University, 71 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: 'Love' is a central topic in Shakespeare's plays. Many of his couples have gained a status of immortality: Antony and Cleopatra, Romeo and Juliet, or Beatrice and Benedick are only a few examples. These lovers share one experience, which Lysander in 'A Midsummer Night's Dream' sums up very clearly: 'The course of true love never did run smooth ...' (1,1,134) This dilemma is the 'raw material' I am interested in. I will take three Shakespearean plays with 'love' as their central issue and examine the protagonists' courses of love in them. This involves the beginning, the obstacles in the way, the reactions to these obstacles and the final failure or success to overcome them. The plays chosen are 'Romeo and Juliet', 'All's Well that Ends Well', and 'The Taming of the Shrew'. In the First Folio edition the first one is classified as belonging to the literary form of 'tragedy', the latter two as 'comedies'. This leads me to the second element in the title, which is 'dramatic genre'. What Northrop Frye says about comedy is also valid for tragedy: 'If a play in a theatre is subtitled 'a comedy', information is conveyed to a potential audience about what kind of thing to expect, and this type of information has been intelligible since before the days of Aristophanes.' One such expectation concerns a play's mood. Here lies a fundamental difference between tragedy and comedy. Generally speaking, the audience expects that a comedy creates a happy mood and a tragedy a sad one. However, I am not alone finding that 'Romeo' is a rather happy play over long stretches, whereas 'The Taming' and 'All's Well' are anything but thoroughly happy pieces. In these three dramas Shakespeare only partly fulfils the expectations, which are evoked. Their generic structure does not generate a consistent mood. So what are the causes of this inconsistency?
Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, Bielefeld University, course: English as a Global Lingua Franca, 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The approach of this paper is it to present the Mennonite Low German dialect and to develop an easily intelligible orthography for the mentioned dialect. In the first point the roots of the Low German dialect under examination are highlighted and it is shown that it belongs to the same family as the English language. Both varieties belong to the Indo-European languages or, more precisely, to its West-Germanic branch. Then, point two explains where the term Mennonite Low German comes from by unrolling the history of the Mennonites, their moves and their linguistic history. In terms of definition there is a further question that has to be tackled, namely whether Mennonite Low German is a language or a dialect. This question will be discussed in point three, bearing in mind the four criteria Petyt names to decide whether a variety is a language or a dialect. After having explained and linguistically discussed the term Mennonite Low German, I present my grandmother's short story and use it to develop Mennonite Low German orthography, which will be expounded in the fifth paragraph. The mentioned paragraph is subdivided into four points, of which the first one discusses Mennonite Low German orthography, its tries and problems. As most of the Mennonite Low German speakers are familiar with High German (but not with other Low German dialects), the Mennonite Low German orthography presented in this paper will follow several characteristics of German orthography, when considered as useful. Moreover, a short sketch of Mennonite Low German phonology and morphology will be provided in the following subparagraph in order to round off the topic. A short overview of the variations of the dialect under examination can be found in point 5.3; namely the Molotschna and the Old Colony accents. The last subparagraph deals with Mennonite Low German loan words and recent word formation. This variety contains several loan words that come from Dutch, Russian or German, for example. Paragraph number six explains the death of a former Lingua Franca, which Low German had been at the time of the Hanseatic League. The decline of Low German might also explain the underestimation of its dialect Mennonite Low German.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, Bielefeld University, language: English, abstract: While I was doing an internship in several English classes in a 'Gymnasium' in 2007, a teacher asked me to take a test in his class (8th grade) of the vocabulary of a certain unit in their textbook. I did so and graded the tests according to his requirements. Every incorrect word led to zero points regardless of how 'wrong' the word was. In one case the students were supposed to give the English word for 'Süssigkeiten' which, of course, is 'sweets'. While some simply gave no word, others gave solutions that were wrong, yet creative, for instance a circumlocution, 'sweet things' or newly coined word, 'sweetys'. It did not seem fair to me to disregard these solutions, as someone using them in a communicative situation would be able to better communicate his intention than by simply saying nothing. From this experience I got the idea for my B.A. thesis to deal with the topic of communication strategies , to which these examples belong, and to further examine their role in language learning. This thesis is an attempt to inspect what CSs are and what their part in education could and should be, respectively actually is. In the beginning I will present a summary of the history of research in the field of CSs and I will give an overview of existing (and often varying) theories, definitions and taxonomies of CSs. After introducing this background knowledge I will examine the practical implications of CS research. By discussing studies and theories by various researchers I will prove that the employment of CSs in communication is useful and effective and that teaching CSs in school is both possible and sensible. I will then go on in the empirical part to examine the curricula for 'Sekundarstufe I and II' of the 'Gymnasium' in North Rhine Westphalia with regard to CS teaching. I will also look at various school books to see to what degree results from CS research have been taken into consideration in their design, i.e. whether or not they teach CSs, and if so, how they do it. I will evaluate these results and make suggestions for possible improvements. In the conclusion I will sum up my results and make suggestions for further research. The appendix includes various material used for this thesis that is helpful and sometimes necessary to understand the text, such as taxonomies of CSs or charts showing results of my research. At the end of the thesis is a list explaining common abbreviations used in this thesis, as well as a glossary of ...
Limit theorems and asymptotic results form a central topic in probability theory and mathematical statistics. New and non-classical limit theorems have been discovered for processes in random environments, especially in connection with random matrix theory and free probability. These questions and the techniques for answering them combine asymptotic enumerative combinatorics, particle systems and approximation theory, and are important for new approaches in geometric and metric number theory as well. Thus, the contributions in this book include a wide range of applications with surprising connections ranging from longest common subsequences for words, permutation groups, random matrices and free probability to entropy problems and metric number theory. The book is the product of a conference that took place in August 2011 in Bielefeld, Germany to celebrate the 60th birthday of Friedrich Götze, a noted expert in this field.