Is it rational to believe in God or other supernatural powers? Are there good epistemic reasons for holding religious convictions, facts that speak for their truth? The empirical evidence would seem to suggest there are not. Posters of St. Christopher do not reduce the number of accidents on passing roads; miraculous cures do not occur more frequently in Lourdes than elsewhere in the world; and prayer provides no more help to us today than burnt offerings did to people of antiquity. As for theological defense, traditional proofs for the existence of God come up short as well. The belief that the principle of sufficient reason implies God's existence is nothing more than a leap of faith. And Darwinâ??s theories explain the origin of species and the complexities of evolution far better than the assumption of an intelligent creator can. Even attempts at theodicy fail in the end. Whoever lets a person suffer to reach some other goal treats people as a means and thus acts immorally. An honest review of the evidence does not speak for the existence of God; quite the contrary. The worldâ??s suffering offers a conclusive argument against it.Veranstaltungshinweis: DEBATTEGibt es Gott?Argumente für und gegen die Existenz Gottes Prof. Dr. Ansgar BeckermannPhilosoph, Universität Bielefeld Prof. Dr. William Lane CraigPhilosoph, Biola University ( USA ) 29. 10. 2015, 19.30 UhrAlte Kongresshalle Theresienhöhe 15, 80339 München Die Debatte wird live und in voller Länge im Internet übertragen: www.cvmd.eu Zum Buch:Ist es rational, an Gott oder andere übernatürliche Kräfte zu glauben? Gibt es gute epistemische Gründe für religiöse Überzeugungen - Umstände, die eindeutig für die Wahrheit dieser Überzeugungen sprechen? Empirisch gesehen offenbar nicht: Christophorus-Plaketten führen nicht zu weniger Unfällen, Heilungen finden in Lourdes nicht häufiger statt als anderswo auf der Welt; und Beten hilft offenbar genau so wenig wie die Brandopfer in der Antike. Auch die traditionellen Gottesbeweise leisten nicht, was sie leisten sollen - unter anderem, weil wir nicht davon ausgehen können, dass das Prinzip vom zureichenden Grund zutrifft, und weil Darwins Evolutionstheorie nicht nur die Entstehung der Arten, sondern auch die vielen Probleme des Evolutionsprozesses besser erklärt als die Annahme, all dies ginge auf einen intelligenten Schöpfer zurück. Schließlich müssen alle Theodizee-Versuche als gescheitert angesehen werden. Wer einen Menschen leiden lässt, um damit irgendein Ziel zu erreichen, behandelt diesen Menschen nur als Mittel und handelt daher unmoralisch. Nüchtern betrachtet gibt es also keine epistemischen Gründe, die für die Existenz Gottes sprechen; aber die Existenz von Leid und Schmerz spricht nach wie vor eindeutig dagegen.
With China's sky-rocketing economic growth since the late 1980's, the mobility of its labor force has increased tremendously. In the early 21st century the number of internal migrants is approaching 300 million, corresponding to more than 20% of the country's population. This development has become a cause for political concern, highlighting significant issues in the social relations between settled communities and new migrants. This book examines in depth how institutional arrangements, in particular, the Hukou (Household Registration) system, influence the integration of migrants at their destinations. Under this unique Chinese settlement system, migrants are defined by their Hukou location to which they are allocated by birth or by later official permissions if they fulfill certain requirements. The primary research questions approached concern the economic, social, political and psychological integration of migrants in cities. They are answered on the basis of both quantitative and qualitative original primary data. The findings are impressive. Migrants show strong performances with regard to their integration into labor markets and their income levels. Nevertheless, they display significantly weaker performances in the area of social integration and political integration. Surprisingly no difference in integration at the psychological level could be found.Dr. Rumin LUO (PhD from Bielefeld University, Germany, 2012) is working as a research fellow in Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity, Germany since 2012. She was trained as an Economic Sociologist and her current research interests are focused on institution, social policy, migration, and culture and market in urban China. Her other works appeared on Urbanities Journal, Collections of Women Studies and InterDisciplines. Journal of History and Sociology. She worked for projects and researches sponsored by Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Asian Development Bank, World Bank, UK Department for International Development and so on from 2002-2008. Her working areas cover more than 10 provinces in China.
Project Report from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: GPA 3.4 (1,7), University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, language: English, abstract: The purpose of this project paper is to summarize the "key factors for success in e-commerce" for anyone who thinks of stepping into the online-business branch. This can be used as a guideline to save time, verify the usefulness and/or the attainability of the desired results.Since the first appearance of the Internet to the public mass in the early 1990s, many enterprises and entrepreneurs tried to use this technology for the advantage of their own business. What was seen as a revolutionary step in business management is now a daily part of managing a business. The use of the Internet has grown significantly in a short period of time, to be more specific in numbers, the number of users from 1995 till 2011 has grown approximately from 16 million to 2.251 million users and is still growing. That is a significant growth of 14068.75%.Since then the web presentation has evolved from a simple text into a much more complex information tool. Users of the Internet are now able to communicate, interact and share information with each other. This development has opened up many opportunities for entrepreneurs. To name a few advantages: gaining new customers, generating contacts, introducing your brand and products and of course increasing your revenue and profit has become fairly easy.This kind of practice could also be defined under the term "electronic commerce" also known as e-commerce and e-comm. To define it more correctly, the term e-commerce is the buying and selling of products, services and information over electronic systems such as the Internet.Even though this very useful information tool is available to us, the Internet doesn't always mean success and profit gains. On the contrary, introducing your company brand, services and or products in an improper and unprofessional way could lead to reputation loss, which also can lead to revenue and profit loss. Sometimes it can even lead into losing your most loyal customers. Furthermore the rivalry between businesses on the Internet is so immense that if your brand is not introduced correctly, visitors may prefer your rivals. Just to name a few bad e-commerce examples: citydeli.com, rzent.co.nr, arngren.net, and lingscars.com.
The International Gesture Workshops (GW) are interdisciplinary events for those researching gesture-based communication across the disciplines. The focus of these events is a shared interest in understanding gestures and sign language in their many facets, and using them for advancing human-machine interaction. Since 1996, International Gesture Workshops have been held roughly every second year, with fully reviewed proceedings published by Springer. The International Gesture Workshop GW 2009 was hosted by Bielefeld University's Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF - Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Forschung) during February 25-27, 2009. Like its predecessors, GW 2009 aimed to provide a platform for participants to share, discuss, and criticize recent and novel research with a multidisciplinary audience. More than 70 computer scientists, linguistics, psychologists, neuroscientists as well as dance and music scientists from 16 countries met to present and exchange their newest results under the umbrella theme "Gesture in Embodied Communication and Human-Computer Interaction. " Consistent with the steady growth of research activity in this area, a large number of high-quality submissions were received, which made GW 2009 an exciting and important event for anyone interested in gesture-related technological research relevant to human-computer interaction. In line with the practice of previous gesture workshops, presenters were invited to submit theirs papers for publication in a subsequent peer-reviewed publication of high quality. The present book is the outcome of this effort. Representing the research work from eight countries, it contains a selection of 28 thoroughly reviewed articles.
Limit theorems and asymptotic results form a central topic in probability theory and mathematical statistics. New and non-classical limit theorems have been discovered for processes in random environments, especially in connection with random matrix theory and free probability. These questions and the techniques for answering them combine asymptotic enumerative combinatorics, particle systems and approximation theory, and are important for new approaches in geometric and metric number theory as well. Thus, the contributions in this book include a wide range of applications with surprising connections ranging from longest common subsequences for words, spin-glass problems, permutation groups, random matrices and free probability to entropy problems and metric number theory.The book is the product of a conference that took place in August 2011 in Bielefeld, Germany to celebrate the 60th birthday of Friedrich Götze, a noted expert in this field.
The German Congress on Crime Prevention (GCOCP) is an annual event that takes place since 1995 in different German cities and targets all areas of crime prevention. Since its foundation the GCOCP has been open to an international audience with a growing number of non-German speaking participants joining. To give the international guests their own discussion forum, the Annual International Forum (AIF) within the GCOCP was established in 2007. For international guests this event offers lectures in English language as well as other activities within the GCOCP that are translated simultaneously. This book reflects the outcomes of the 7th AIF (22. and 23. April 2013 in Bielefeld). The articles show worldwide views on crime prevention and criminal policy as well as the current status, discussion, research and projects in crime prevention from different countries.
ThisvolumecontainstheproceedingsofMPC2002,thesixthinternationalc- ferenceontheMathematicsofProgramConstruction.Thisseriesofconferences aims to promote the development of mathematical principles and techniques that are demonstrably useful and usable in the process of constructing c- puter programs (whether implemented in hardware or software). The focus is ontechniquesthatcombineprecisionwith conciseness,enablingprogramsto be constructed by formal calculation. Within this theme, the scope of the series is verydiverse,including programmingmethodology,programspeci?cationand transformation, programming paradigms, programming calculi, and progr- ming language semantics. The quality of the papers submitted to the conference was in general very high, and the number of submissions was comparable to that for the previous conference.Eachpaperwasrefereedbyatleastfour,andoftenmore,committee members. Inadditiontothe11papersselectedforpresentationbytheprogramcomm- tee, this volume contains three invited talks: Implementing Algebraic Dynamic Programming in the Functional and the Imperative Programming Paradigm by Robert Giegerich (Technical University of Bielefeld, Germany), and abstracts of Some Results in Dynamic Model Theory by Dexter Kozen (Cornell Univ- sity,USA)and Mathematics in Computer Science Curricula byJeannetteWing (Carnegie Mellon University, USA). The conference took place in Dagstuhl, Germany. The previous ?ve conf- ences wereheld in 1989in Twente,The Netherlands, in 1992in Oxford,United Kingdom,in1995inKlosterIrsee,Germany,in1998inMarstrandnearGot eborg in Sweden, and in 2000 in Ponte de Lima, Portugal. The proceedings of these conferenceswerepublishedasLNCS375,669,947,1422,and1837,respectively. Three international events were co-located with the conference: the IFIP WG2.1 working conference on Generic Programming, the third workshop on Constructive Methods for Parallel Programming, and the workshop on Types in Programming. We thank the organizers of these events for their interest in sharing the atmosphere of the conference.
Approaches in Integrative Bioinformatics provides a basic introduction to biological information systems, as well as guidance for the computational analysis of systems biology. This book also covers a range of issues and methods that reveal the multitude of omics data integration types and the relevance that integrative bioinformatics has today. Topics include biological data integration and manipulation, modeling and simulation of metabolic networks, transcriptomics and phenomics, and virtual cell approaches, as well as a number of applications of network biology. It helps to illustrate the value of integrative bioinformatics approaches to the life sciences. This book is intended for researchers and graduate students in the field of Bioinformatics. Professor Ming Chen is the Director of the Bioinformatics Laboratory at the College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Professor Ralf Hofestädt is the Chair of the Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics, Bielefeld University, Germany.
Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, Bielefeld University, 21 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Punk rock and the punk movement had a powerful impact on society and pop music. People influenced by it regarded crudeness and simplicity as a chance to express themselves, the constraints of conventions that demanded conformity and accuracy left behind. While breaking with those traditions concerning music, life style and attitude was at first the main motivation in the late 1970s, the movement emerged for many people to a force propagating virtues like equality, justice and social responsibility. The mixture of music always forcing attention and the prevalent notion of urgency in the lyrics proved a perfect basis for a countless number of artists to express vigorously protest, feelings ranging from despair to joy or just their personal perception of their environment. Along the history of American poetry the poems showed exactly those features, offering a channel to express oneself. The way poets express themselves just changed. It required centuries and many different stages to develop for example from the puritan style and fixed rhyme pattern of Anne Bradstreet's works to the flowing free verse of Walt Whitman expressing a fervent patriotism, which is again a great contrast to Allen Ginsberg's beat poetry, which features a very critical attitude towards America. Regarding the Native Americans' poetry, which deals in many cases with the balance between humans and their environment or appears in the form of vocables, as an additional facet, these developments illustrate how wide the range of style has already been when comparing it to later forms of poetry, and that always a breaking with conventions, accompanied by enthusiastic adherents on the one hand and sceptics on the other hand, took place. Analyzing a selection of punk rock lyrics by American artists I want to show that they possess features that are typical for classical poetry, whereas the term classical poetry will represent the traditional understanding of poetry, which does not include punk rock lyrics. Intertextual elements as well as formal aspects will be pointed out and compared to similar cases in works of different poets that are supposed to serve as a kind of measuring staff, which will help to show where congruence is present and where it is not.