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The pension plans of the grand coalition in 201...
26,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, language: English, abstract: A rising life expectancy, the obsolescence of society and low birth rates - the current demographic change is a tremendous challenge for the German pension system. In its history, the German pension system has undergone several fundamental changes. Founded in 1899 as the first pension system worldwide, it continuously adapted to changing circumstances. In 2018, the commission 'Verlässlicher Generationenvertrag' is founded by the Great Coalition. Secretary of Labor, Hubertus Heil, chairs this commission. In cooperation with the Federation of Trade Unions, employers' associations and the Max Planck Institute, the commission works out a plan to ensure the continuation of the current pension system and thus the continuance of the inter-generation compact. This research paper focusses on how the decisions of the great coalition regarding the pension system suit the demographic change and its impact on the inter-generation compact. After a short resume of the development of the German pension system and a differentiation between capital-covered and shared-financed pension schemes, the pension plans of the great coalition are analysed and evaluated from the aspect of the demographic change and their financing, before the answer to the starting question is given in the conclusion. At this point, it has to be mentioned, that this research paper is to be understood as a general overview of the subject of demographic change, political decisions and the inter-generation compact. It explicitly focusses on the regular retirement pension and only briefly touches other pension forms like the mothers' pension or the limited incapacity benefit whilst still using the costs of these for calculations. Therefore, the consulting of specialized literature is advised. Besides this, a basic knowledge of the German pension system is required.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.09.2020
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Concepts of love in William Shakespeare's Romeo...
18,90 CHF *
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Seminar paper from the year 2001 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, Bielefeld University, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Why was Shakespeare so successful in his times? How come, his plays drew the masses into the theatres? How did he manage to attract all these different groups of people with different backgrounds at the same time? These are the questions I will have in the back of my mind while writing this paper. I will examine one aspect of his style more closely, which I found in hisRomeo and Juliet.In doing so, I hope to give at least some small explanation of the reason of his overwhelming success. It was probably in 1595 when Shakespeare wrote this famous tragedy. He was doing so, living in a society which was leaving the Middle Ages far behind and rapidly growing in complexity. The English society was splitting up into a huge variety of different groups and organisations. The Reformation produced a wealth of new religious groupings. Especially the Puritans were to become very influential in England. The rise of the middle class was taking place under the reign of queen Elizabeth, which was combining artisans, merchants and the more prosperous peasants and was accumulating new resources and capital. The aristocracy was changing: It was opening up for new members, mostly wholesalers who had earned a fortune with the profitable overseas trade. The decline of the ancient system of feudalism was highly advanced, which for the common peasant meant that he wasn't tied to his small piece of soil any longer. He was much more mobile now. Family structures were changing as well. The kin (that is the enlarged family) as the main organising factor was beginning to lose ground to the smaller nuclear family.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.09.2020
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Economic Theory of Optimal Population
191,00 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

We are used to calling most developing countries overpopulated and consi dering some industrialized countries (like West Germany) 'threatened by underpopulation'. Analogous population policies with different objecti ves are discussed. However, none of the measures suggested can be justi fied or evaluated without an implicit concept of optimum population, a notion which has attracted attention ever since economics was made a science. The relevance of the subject and the recent rise in interest by popula tion economists has motivated the organization of a conference on 'Opti mal Population' in Bielefeld, where most of this book originates. Finan cial support for the conference and the publication of this book by the Thyssen Foundation and the editorial help provided by John De New and Contents Optimum Population: An Introduction K. F. Zimmermann ......... . I. Optimal Size and Growth Rate of Population Socially Optimal Population Size and Individual Choice M. Nerlove, A. Razin, and E. Sadka . . . . . . . 19 Endogenous Population With Discrete Family Size and a Capital Market D. Leonard .................. .

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.09.2020
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Das Nationale Innovationssystem der USA
6,40 CHF *
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich VWL - Innovationsökonomik, Note: 1,0, Universität Bielefeld (Lehrstuhl für VWL-Politik), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Gegenstand dieser Seminararbeit ist das nationale Innovationssystem der USA. In Kapitel 2 werden Rahmenbedingungen beschrieben, die das NIS der USA beeinflussen bzw. die Grundlage bilden. Dazu gehören die nationalen Denk- und Verhaltensweisen, welchen in den USA eine erhebliche Bedeutung für die Ausgestaltung des NIS zugemessen werden kann. Im zweiten Unterkapitel Technologie wird auf die Grundausstattung an Ressourcen und die Branchen eingegangen. Im nächsten Unterkapitel soll die Struktur der Forschungsbereiche untersucht werden, und danach sollen die langfristigen Ausgaben für R&D betrachtet werden. Im Kapitel 3 werden Elemente des NIS der USA genauer analysiert, die wir für wichtig und interessant halten. Diese Elemente sind: Bildungssystem, Wettbewerbsrecht, Patentsystem, Militärischer Bereich, Kooperationen, Venture Capital und Internationale Zusammenarbeit. Da diese Elemente ein System bilden, beeinflussen sie sich auch gegenseitig und sie sind für den Output des NIS massgeblich. Zum Abschluss ziehen wir dann ein Fazit.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 27.09.2020
Zum Angebot
Concepts of love in William Shakespeare's Romeo...
11,30 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2001 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, Bielefeld University, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Why was Shakespeare so successful in his times? How come, his plays drew the masses into the theatres? How did he manage to attract all these different groups of people with different backgrounds at the same time? These are the questions I will have in the back of my mind while writing this paper. I will examine one aspect of his style more closely, which I found in hisRomeo and Juliet.In doing so, I hope to give at least some small explanation of the reason of his overwhelming success. It was probably in 1595 when Shakespeare wrote this famous tragedy. He was doing so, living in a society which was leaving the Middle Ages far behind and rapidly growing in complexity. The English society was splitting up into a huge variety of different groups and organisations. The Reformation produced a wealth of new religious groupings. Especially the Puritans were to become very influential in England. The rise of the middle class was taking place under the reign of queen Elizabeth, which was combining artisans, merchants and the more prosperous peasants and was accumulating new resources and capital. The aristocracy was changing: It was opening up for new members, mostly wholesalers who had earned a fortune with the profitable overseas trade. The decline of the ancient system of feudalism was highly advanced, which for the common peasant meant that he wasn't tied to his small piece of soil any longer. He was much more mobile now. Family structures were changing as well. The kin (that is the enlarged family) as the main organising factor was beginning to lose ground to the smaller nuclear family.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.09.2020
Zum Angebot
The pension plans of the grand coalition in 201...
16,50 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld, language: English, abstract: A rising life expectancy, the obsolescence of society and low birth rates - the current demographic change is a tremendous challenge for the German pension system. In its history, the German pension system has undergone several fundamental changes. Founded in 1899 as the first pension system worldwide, it continuously adapted to changing circumstances. In 2018, the commission 'Verlässlicher Generationenvertrag' is founded by the Great Coalition. Secretary of Labor, Hubertus Heil, chairs this commission. In cooperation with the Federation of Trade Unions, employers' associations and the Max Planck Institute, the commission works out a plan to ensure the continuation of the current pension system and thus the continuance of the inter-generation compact. This research paper focusses on how the decisions of the great coalition regarding the pension system suit the demographic change and its impact on the inter-generation compact. After a short resume of the development of the German pension system and a differentiation between capital-covered and shared-financed pension schemes, the pension plans of the great coalition are analysed and evaluated from the aspect of the demographic change and their financing, before the answer to the starting question is given in the conclusion. At this point, it has to be mentioned, that this research paper is to be understood as a general overview of the subject of demographic change, political decisions and the inter-generation compact. It explicitly focusses on the regular retirement pension and only briefly touches other pension forms like the mothers' pension or the limited incapacity benefit whilst still using the costs of these for calculations. Therefore, the consulting of specialized literature is advised. Besides this, a basic knowledge of the German pension system is required.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.09.2020
Zum Angebot
Economic Theory of Optimal Population
134,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

We are used to calling most developing countries overpopulated and consi dering some industrialized countries (like West Germany) 'threatened by underpopulation'. Analogous population policies with different objecti ves are discussed. However, none of the measures suggested can be justi fied or evaluated without an implicit concept of optimum population, a notion which has attracted attention ever since economics was made a science. The relevance of the subject and the recent rise in interest by popula tion economists has motivated the organization of a conference on 'Opti mal Population' in Bielefeld, where most of this book originates. Finan cial support for the conference and the publication of this book by the Thyssen Foundation and the editorial help provided by John De New and Contents Optimum Population: An Introduction K. F. Zimmermann ......... . I. Optimal Size and Growth Rate of Population Socially Optimal Population Size and Individual Choice M. Nerlove, A. Razin, and E. Sadka . . . . . . . 19 Endogenous Population With Discrete Family Size and a Capital Market D. Leonard .................. .

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.09.2020
Zum Angebot
Das Nationale Innovationssystem der USA
4,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich VWL - Innovationsökonomik, Note: 1,0, Universität Bielefeld (Lehrstuhl für VWL-Politik), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Gegenstand dieser Seminararbeit ist das nationale Innovationssystem der USA. In Kapitel 2 werden Rahmenbedingungen beschrieben, die das NIS der USA beeinflussen bzw. die Grundlage bilden. Dazu gehören die nationalen Denk- und Verhaltensweisen, welchen in den USA eine erhebliche Bedeutung für die Ausgestaltung des NIS zugemessen werden kann. Im zweiten Unterkapitel Technologie wird auf die Grundausstattung an Ressourcen und die Branchen eingegangen. Im nächsten Unterkapitel soll die Struktur der Forschungsbereiche untersucht werden, und danach sollen die langfristigen Ausgaben für R&D betrachtet werden. Im Kapitel 3 werden Elemente des NIS der USA genauer analysiert, die wir für wichtig und interessant halten. Diese Elemente sind: Bildungssystem, Wettbewerbsrecht, Patentsystem, Militärischer Bereich, Kooperationen, Venture Capital und Internationale Zusammenarbeit. Da diese Elemente ein System bilden, beeinflussen sie sich auch gegenseitig und sie sind für den Output des NIS maßgeblich. Zum Abschluss ziehen wir dann ein Fazit.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 27.09.2020
Zum Angebot